Thermoset Urethane vs. Thermoplastic Urethane
What is the difference between thermoset urethane and thermoplastic urethane? Both can be used for a wide variety of applications in a variety of fields; however, because of their unique properties, each is best suited for specific applications.
- Thermoset urethane is a polymer which cannot be melted and reformed, and is generally more durable than thermoplastic urethane.
- Thermoplastic urethane is a polymer which can be melted and reformed, and is elastic and highly flexible, making it a versatile material suitable for use in a wide range of industries.
Below you will find a breakdown of the physical properties and abilities of thermoset urethane and thermoplastic urethane.
Abrasion Resistance Properties
Abrasion resistance refers to a material’s capacity to resist abrasion during mechanical actions like rubbing or scraping. A high level of abrasion resistance means a material can outwear materials like rubbers, plastics, and metals by greater margins.
- Thermoset urethane has a high resistance to abrasion, as well as a high level of cut resistance.
- Thermoplastic urethane is more likely to tear with abrasive applications.
Heat Resistance Properties
A urethane’s ability to resist heat plays an important role in determining its application.
- Thermoset urethane performs well in temperatures of up to 250° without issue.
- Thermoplastic urethane will soften when tested in high temperatures.
The hardness of a urethane is measured in a range of durability, and varies widely from type to type. In fact, urethane can be incredibly soft or hard, depending on its makeup. The scale includes shore 00, which is used to describe extremely soft materials; shore A, the most common scale, is used primarily to describe rubbers and other varieties of elastomer; and shore D, which is used for harder materials like rigid plastics.
- Thermoset urethane has a wide range of durometers, which are available in both A and D scales.
- Thermoplastic urethane is softer, and available in a very small range in A scale only.
Load Bearing Capacity Properties
Load bearing capacity refers to a material’s ability to perform under great weight like high load-bearing wheels, heavy-duty couplings, metal forming pads, shock pads, and machine mounts.
- Thermoset urethane holds a high weight per square inch.
- Thermoplastic urethane holds a low weight per square inch.
|Thermoset Urethane vs. Thermoplastic Urethane|
|Property||Thermoset Polyurethane||Thermoplastic Urethane|
|Abrasion Resistance||Best for abrasive applications because of its high resistance to abrasion and cutting.||Will tear with abrasive applications.|
|Heat Resistance||Withstands temperatures of up to 250° without problems.||Will soften, deform, and degrade in temperatures above 250°.|
|Hardness||Has a wide range of durometers available in A & D scales.||Has a very small range in “A” scale only.|
|Load Bearing Capacity||Able to hold a large amount of weight per square inch.||Unable to hold a large amount of weight without destroying the material.|